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Paper accepted for publication in Journal of Geophysical Research. Copyright 2001 American Geographical Union. Further reproduction or electronic distribution is not permitted.

Ozone depletion observed by ASUR during the Arctic Winter 1999/2000

Holger Bremer, M. von Koenig, A. Kleinboehl, H. Kuellmann, K. Kuenzi, K. Bramstedt, J. P. Burrows, K.-U. Eichmann, and M. Weber
Institute of Environmental Physics, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany

A. P. H. Goede
Space Research Organization of the Netherlands, Utrecht, The Netherlands

In the winter 1999/2000 the Airborne SUbmillimeter Radiometer ASUR participated in the THESEO 2000/SOLVE project onboard the NASA research aircraft DC-8. During three deployments in early December 1999, late January, and early March 2000 the ASUR instrument took various measurements of ozone and key species related to stratospheric ozone chemistry. After the sunlight reached the vortex region in January 2000 peak values of about 1.8 ppb ClO were measured by ASUR. There was nearly no ozone destruction observed during the period between mid-December 1999 and late January 2000. As expected from ASUR observation of high chlorine activation and continuously low temperatures until mid-March, significant ozone depletion was observed between late January and mid-March 2000. In order to determine ozone loss it is important to separate dynamical and chemical effects. Since N2O is a good tracer due to its chemical stability in the lower stratosphere for determining ozone changes due to descent of air, ozone loss can be estimated from simultaneous measurements of ozone and N2O by ASUR. Between mid-December 1999 and mid-March 2000 a chemical ozone loss of about 30% (eq. 1.1 ppm) in the altitude range between 19.0 and 22.2 km and of about 40% (eq. 1.15 ppm) between 16.0 and 18.1 km was observed. The airmasses subsided 2.1-3.2 km in the lower stratosphere due to diabatic descent in the period from mid-December 1999 to mid-March 2000 as derived from ASUR N2O measurements. Vortex-averaged ASUR measurements of ozone are systematical greater than results from GOME (Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment) which has a similar vertical resolution than ASUR. This, however, has little impact on the determination of delta ozone and chemical loss estimates.

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